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After 1863 the paper holders were embossed rather than printed. During this period "rustic" photography also made its debut with its painted backgrounds, fake stones, wood fences and rural props.
Uncased tintypes have been found with canceled tax stamps adhered to the backs. Neither the chocolate tint nor the rustic look are to be found in pre 1870 tintypes. Tiny portraits, 7/8 by 1 inch, or about the size of a small postage stamp, became available with the invention of the Wing multiplying cameras.
Apparently Talbot (the inventor) did not fully realize the importance of washing his prints long enough to remove all the residual chemicals, or perhaps his fixing was inadequate. Instead of a glass cover, the photographer covered the tintype with a quick varnish to protect any tints or colors added to cheeks, lips, jewelry or buttons.
Either fault leads to the same result: fading image, discoloration, etc. Popularity: The tintype was very popular during the Civil War because every soldier wanted to send a picture of himself with his rifle and sword home.
Many times, the silver image tarnishes with silver sulfide in the same way as silverware. Step two was to make a contact [print] with a second sheet of sensitized paper to make a positive print. As the public sought lower prices, the cases (which cost more than the finished photographs) were eliminated.
The cost: .00 (more than a weeks pay for most people). Calotypes were never widely popular, and most of those surviving are in museums. In their place, paper folders of the size of the then popular card photographs were used for protection.
Size range from one-fourth plate and are often datable by the Potter's Patent paper holders, adorned with patriotic stars and emblems, that were introduced during the period.
The giant spaces they discovered demanded giant cameras.
The camera that documented the famous meeting at Promontory Point, Utah of the tracks of the Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads on was built to accommodate glass plates 10" x 13".
REVENUE STAMPS ARE A TOOL FOR DATING PHOTOGRAPHSAs part of the effort by the Congress to fund the Civil War, among a number of taxes levied was an 1864 Act which provided that sellers of photographs affix stamps at the time of sale to "photographs, ambrotypes, daguerreotypes, or any sun pictures", according to the following schedule, exempting photographs too small for the stamp to be affixed: Less than 25 cents: 2 cents stamps (blue/orange). Values for all of these stamps appear in the Scott's Specialized Catalog of United States Stamps.
side set of images of a single scene, viewed simultaneously through an optical device held to the eyes like a pair of binoculars.